Relative to its small population, Jordan has received a significant number of Syrian refugees. These refugees require integrated health, mental health, educational, legal and social services to facilitate their resettlement and their eventual integration into their host countries, which poses a challenge for healthcare providers, as well. Moreover, there is a growing and identified need to increase reproductive health services for the influx of Syrian refugee women of childbearing age. Factors such as early marriage, sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), mental health needs, coupled with challenges such as access to, and quality of services, and cultural and stigma related barriers to accessing services all play a role in establishing need and understanding barriers to access and use of reproductive health services. Finally, the overall communication and transparency between service providers is reportedly not optimal and the quality of services varies across stakeholders.
This study examines the mental and physical health needs of female Syrian refugees living outside of camps in Jordan, as well as examining barriers to accessing healthcare. We utilize a cross-sectional survey distributed to 500 female refugees living urban settings in Jordan to make inference to the broader population of refugee women living in Jordan, the majority of which are living outside of camps. Findings from this study will be used to develop a policy brief to be disseminated with organizations in Amman. They will also be used to develop a pilot intervention to address the needs of Syrian refugee women.
Data collection will take place over 6 months, through collaboration with JHASi— a leading health service organization for Syrian refugees in Jordan— taking place in two JHAS clinics in Amman. Faculty at the University of Jordan medical school, led by Dr. Maysa’ Khadra, will oversee all data collection efforts, which will be conducted by medical students, and supported by other faculty at the University of Jordan. All field activities for the study will be directed by a part-time research coordinator, who will be hired at the CUGC in Amman.
The survey, administered to 500 women who have sought health services at JHAS clinics, will include information on the following topics:
• Sociodemographic characteristics
• Sexual and reproductive health
• Intimate partner violence
• Received stigma
• Social support
• Quality of life
• Displacement history
• Access to services